Lowline Descriptions


Australian breed of cattle were developed at the Government’s Trangie Research Centre in Australia. Trangie acquired its herd during a 45 year period. The herd then remained closed during the project from 1963 with Lowlines being released into the open market in 1992.

Lowlines do not carry the Achondroplasia (Dwarfism) gene and therefore there is no risk of genetically generated deformity or abortion. Calving losses are extremely low and even heifers have great ease in calving.

Lowlines are generally black, naturally polled, and at all stages of their growth are 60% of the size of the normal Angus from which they were derived.

Commercial advantages of Lowlines

Typical Lowline weight and size:

  • Calf at birth: 30 to 45 lb.
  • Mature cow: 700 to 1100 lbs, 38" to 46" tall.
  • Mature bull: 900 to 1500 lbs, 40" to 48" tall.

Market perception and value:

  • Smaller cuts which are well-marbled.
  • Offers a high proportion of meat to bone and fat.
  • More omega-3 fatty acids, more conjugated linoleic acid (a potent cancer-fighter), less total fat and calories, less omega-6 (linked to several disorders and diseases), and less risk of bacterial contamination due to the higher pH of the cow’s digestive tract if grass-fed.


  • Consume about 1/3 the amount of feed as a full-sized animal, gaining weight and finishing earlier with very little cost.
  • Do not need grain to reach full maturity and where you would normally stock 6 Angus cows you can run 10 Lowlines.
  • Can expect more pounds of meat per acre than with standard size breeds.

Crossbreeding Benefits:

  • Typically low birth weights for calves allowing typically unassisted calving.
  • Bulls are very fertile and have proven ability to reach heifers along with low weight reducing risk of injury to heifers.
  • Bulls do not require the same amount of feeding as larger bulls making them inexpensive to maintain.
  • Bulls are easy to handle whether separated or among the herd.

Information obtained from the American Southwest Lowline Angus Breeders Association and www.usa-lowline.org/history.html.